Border Collie Puppies For Sale In Pa.

puppies for sale

Border Collie: History and Appearance


The Border Collie owes its bloodline and history to the Romans and the Vikings. Romans invading Britain brought black, tan, and white dogs to herd livestock. After the Romans were expelled, Viking raiders brought their own spitz type dogs. The Viking breed and the Roman breed were eventually crossbred, resulting in a decreased size and increased agility.

It is believed that this breed of sheepdog is documented as early as 943, with a description of black and white sheepdogs taking a flock of sheep to graze. Another account of the Border Collie’s descendants comes from 1576, in a writing by John Caius called Of English Dogges.

The breed was developed over time, with an emphasis on working ability versus appearance. As farmers began to handle much larger flocks, these dogs became a valuable asset. Sheepdog trials, which were contests testing the skill of the breed, played an important role in the breed’s development.

Today’s Border Collie can trace its lineage to one single dog. Old Hemp was born in 1893, and grew to roughly 45 lbs. and 21 inches tall. Sporting a rough black and white coat, he was undefeated in the sheepdog trials in his lifetime.

The sheepdog trials led to a considerable amount of other influential sires, and the dog’s ability to succeed as a herding dog is what made them popular as stud dogs. Some of these excellent specimens were exported to the United States in the 1880’s.

In 1906, the International Sheepdog Society was founded in Scotland and played role in maintaining pedigrees and registration. 1918, the name “Border Collie” was coined, and that became the dog’s identity. The International Sheepdog Society is still vastly important in maintaining a registry and governing body for the breed.

Border Collies today are still highly valued as a working dog. They are still used as sheepdogs, though they also have a history as show dogs. They continue to compete in the herding trials, agility contests, and in the ring.

They are considered to be the elite sheepherding dog. They are known for their obedience and trainability. The breed was admitted into the American Kennel Club in 1955, and was classified in the herding group in 1995.


The Border Collie is a medium sized dog with exceptional agility. Their bodies are muscular and strong. They are known to be one of the most intelligent breeds, and their alert, aware expressions demonstrate that.

Male Border Collies will grow to about 22 inches at the most, with females at 21 inches. The body is longer than it is high, and has an athletic appearance. These dogs are expected to have face that is eager and full of interest. The eyes are set some distance apart, and can be every shade of brown. Ears are usually erect, and the muzzle is tapered with the nose matching the main color of the coat.

Border Collies feature a level back with a broad chest. The tail carriage should be low when the dog is performing a skill or task. However, the tail may be raised up when the dog is happy, excited, or playful. Legs are strong and straight, with oval feet and hard, firm pads.

Border Collies have coats that are either rough or smooth. Both are double coats, with a soft, thick undercoat and weatherproof outer coat. The rough coat is medium in length and feathers in certain areas, such as the forelegs, chest, and underside. The smooth coat is much shorter and coarse in texture all over the entire body.

This breed appears in all kinds of color combinations and varied markings. Border Collies are solid, tricolor, bicolor, merle, and sable. They may have white markings and random white patches as well.

Showing a Border Collie

With a working breed ancestry that dates back centuries, Border Collies are held to impeccable standards as show dogs. While appearance is important; movement, agility, and strength are held in higher esteem when in the show ring. As a matter of fact, broken teeth and scarring are allowed, as the dog should be shown in working condition. It is important for the dog to have an alert and intelligent expression, and carry itself in a manner befitting a working dog. A level of intensity and dedication is expected in its temperament.

The gait and movement of the Border Collie are considered to be of utmost importance. They should demonstrate strong agility, and be able to quickly change direction. Movement should be graceful, and not choppy or slow. They should be able to demonstrate a gallop, a moving crouch, and a free trot. The change in speed or gait should be fluid. Border Collies should hold their heads high, and move at a loose trot when in the show ring.

The Border Collie should have strong bones and a balanced appearance. Muscles should be hard and well developed. Size should always be in proportion, and extra weight should not be present. The dog should not have a domed or blocky head, and the muzzle should not be narrow. Blue eyes are accepted in dogs of the merle color, but are not preferred. The nose should be fully pigmented, and the teeth should always meet in a scissors bite. The dog’s body must always have an athletic appearance. A tail curled over the back is considered an obvious fault. The dewclaws on the back legs should always be removed.

Both the rough and the smooth coat are accepted, with neither having more preference. Feet and legs may be lightly trimmed, but there should not be any kind of excess grooming or shaving. The dog is expected to be shown in its natural coat. Even seasonal shedding is considered acceptable.

All types of coloring are accepted in the show ring. White patches are accepted, but not preferred. Unlike other breeds, where deviations in the color standard are considered serious flaws, the appearance of the Border Collie is ranked secondary to its abilities.

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});